The reign of Nicholas II went down in history as a very restless period. Originated during the reign of Alexander III the revolutionary movement gained strength, has not yet led to the revolution of 1905. This time the rebellion had been suppressed. In order to avoid new unrest made several reforms regarding the freedom of religion, freedom of speech and institutions of the State Duma. But all this only helped to strengthen people's movements. In 1914 a new interstate unions led to Russia's entry into the First World war. The weakening of the economy and government took advantage of the opposition, and in early 1917, the February revolution in which Nicholas II abdicated. In March, came to power a Provisional government. A year and a half in July 1918 the Tsar was executed at Yekaterinburg with his family.
In the coinage this time also saw many changes. In 1895-1898 years of monetary reform under the guidance of Witte, in which the basis of monetary circulation becomes gold ruble (before that was considered the basic silver). The weight of gold coins reduced in half. In 1897, the last minted coins of the old weight but with high values (15 and 7.5 rubles). In 1915-1916 due to the difficult economic situation was planned to be a lightweight copper-Nickel coins from 3 to 25 cents, lower denominations were to remain copper, but one and a half times easier. Even considered the question of the introduction of a steel money. All of the developed options were trial and are now highly prized among collectors.
Translated from the russian language service "Yandex.Translator» - translate.yandex.ru
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